E-ISSN 2231-170X | ISSN 2231-1696
 

Original Article 


Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Human rabies has been still endemic in India. There are an increasing number of studies estimating the burden of human rabies, but the true incidence of the disease and endemicity were rarely reported in the literature. The main objectives of the present study were to determine the endemicity and to estimate the current burden of human rabies in and around Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (SRRIT & CD), Nallakunta, Hyderabad. All cases admitted at SRRIT & CD with signs and symptoms of rabies were studied during the period of January 2009 and December 2013. The annual incidence of human rabies in this hospital was estimated to be 152. It is endemic mainly in urban areas that include many areas in Hyderabad and Secunderabad and also adjacent districts. The majority of the patients were children and adult male, from urban areas, and had not taken post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) i.e. wound care, active immunization (ARV) and passive immunization (RIG). The main animals responsible for bites were dogs (99%), most of which were stray and the most common bite sites were the extremities. Most common clinical feature was hydrophobia. About 92.76% of these patients had not taken PEP. Human rabies continues to be a dreadful disease in India and the dogs are the principal reservoir, mainly stray dogs. This study provides strong evidence that human rabies is still an endemic disease even in urban areas. This is mainly due to lack of awareness about proper PEP. Improved coverage with modern rabies vaccines, control of rabies due to dogs and other animals and intensifying public education about the disease play main role in the reduction of the disease.

Key words: Anti rabies vaccine, Dog bite, Hydrophobia, Rabies


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Dukkipati Kalyani
Articles by Kampa Shankar
on Google
on Google Scholar


This Article Cited By the following articles

A dog bite study in a dog rabies-affected area in South Africa
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 2020; 35(1): .

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. J Med Allied Sci. 2017; 7(1): 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763


Web Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. https://jmas.in/?mno=242763 [Access: January 14, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. J Med Allied Sci. 2017; 7(1): 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. J Med Allied Sci. (2017), [cited January 14, 2023]; 7(1): 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763



Harvard Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar (2017) Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. J Med Allied Sci, 7 (1), 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763



Turabian Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. 2017. Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, 7 (1), 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763



Chicago Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. "Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study." Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences 7 (2017), 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar. "Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study." Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences 7.1 (2017), 14-19. Print. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dukkipati Kalyani, Kampa Shankar (2017) Assessment of current burden of human rabies at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Government Fever Hospital) – Five year study. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, 7 (1), 14-19. doi:10.5455/jmas.242763