E-ISSN 2231-170X | ISSN 2231-1696
 

Original Article 


Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children

Nosheen Bibi, Nazia Mumtaz, ghulam saqulain.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Intellectually disabled (ID) children lack adaptive skills and have difficulty initiating conversation as they have deficiency in language areas. Also they have difficulty in verbal expression which is more prominent compared to receptive language requiring extra support. To improve language and memory retrieval, techniques providing optimum learning are essential. Color raises the probability of stimulus to be encoded, retained and remembered; hence this study was conducted with the aim to explore the efficacy of color coding approach for three word phrase development in mild to moderate ID children and to develop language at phrase level. This interventional study was conducted at Hamza Foundation, Rawalpindi, Pakistan over a period of six months. A total of 20 children diagnosed with mild and moderate ID fulfilling selection criteria were recruited through non probability consecutive sampling. Following assessment of nouns and verbs, three general culturally adopted phrases: boy eats apple, boy brushes teeth, girl washes hands; and three color flash cards: green for object, yellow for verb and orange for subject, were used for intervention in 5 steps along with language development form for monitoring. Intervention and monitoring of child performance was done in 6 sessions per phrase (2 sessions per week, each of 25-30 minutes duration) and response time noted. Mean time response was calculated and compared for all 6 sessions for all 3 phrases. Results revealed considerable decrease in mean response time of the children across all sessions, thus proving that color coding approach had positive effect on phrase development in mild and moderate intellectually disabled (ID) children. Also the approach was effective regardless of child’s gender, age and severity of ID.

Key words: Colorful semantics, Intellectual disability, Learning disability


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bibi N, Mumtaz N, saqulain g, . Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. J Med Allied Sci. 2019; 9(2): 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230


Web Style

Bibi N, Mumtaz N, saqulain g, . Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. https://jmas.in/?mno=25230 [Access: January 13, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bibi N, Mumtaz N, saqulain g, . Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. J Med Allied Sci. 2019; 9(2): 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bibi N, Mumtaz N, saqulain g, . Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. J Med Allied Sci. (2019), [cited January 13, 2023]; 9(2): 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230



Harvard Style

Bibi, N., Mumtaz, N., saqulain, g. & (2019) Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. J Med Allied Sci, 9 (2), 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230



Turabian Style

Bibi, Nosheen, Nazia Mumtaz, ghulam saqulain, and . 2019. Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, 9 (2), 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230



Chicago Style

Bibi, Nosheen, Nazia Mumtaz, ghulam saqulain, and . "Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children." Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences 9 (2019), 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bibi, Nosheen, Nazia Mumtaz, ghulam saqulain, and . "Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children." Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences 9.2 (2019), 42-47. Print. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bibi, N., Mumtaz, N., saqulain, g. & (2019) Effectiveness of colored visual prompts for three word phrase development in intellectually disabled (ID) children. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, 9 (2), 42-47. doi:10.5455/jmas.25230