E-ISSN 2231-170X | ISSN 2231-1696
 

Original Article 


Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria

Humphrey Chinelo Okeke, Kalu Okorie Osonwa, Peter Agba Awhen.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Understanding patient’s adherence to antihypertensive therapy and the factors associated with it is critical to controlling hypertension and its’ negative effects on patients. Experts have found that some of the complications of hypertension such as heart failure, stroke, sudden death, etc arise mainly due to poor or non-adherence to antihypertensive therapy. Studies have shown that there is relationship between certain socio-demographic characteristics of patients and adherence to antihypertensive therapy. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between patients’ socio-demographic characteristics and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in the Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State. Specifically, the study sought to establish the relationship between patients’ age, sex, marital status and place of residence, and adherence to antihypertensive therapy. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was adopted for the study. Structured questionnaire was administered to five hundred (500) patients selected through multistage sampling. Four hundred and twenty one (421) questionnaires were properly filled and returned. Data obtained from the study was analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results show that 267 (63.4%) had poor level of adherence to antihypertensive therapy. There were differences in the level of adherence between the different patient socio-demographic characteristics and it was found that age, marital status and place of residence had significant association with levels of adherence (p<0.05). It was recommended that healthcare providers should be trained to understand and appreciate the influence of the socio-demographic variables on patients’ adherence to their antihypertensive medications. This will help equip healthcare providers to be more informed and sensitive to the peculiarities of these socio-demographic subgroups with regards to their drug taking behavior.

Key words: Adherence, Antihypertensive, Patients, Socio-demographic variables, Therapy


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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BMJ Open 2020; 10(7): e036418.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Okeke HC, Osonwa KO, Awhen PA. Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. J Med Allied Sci. 2019; 9(2): 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510


Web Style

Okeke HC, Osonwa KO, Awhen PA. Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. https://jmas.in/?mno=47510 [Access: January 13, 2023]. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Okeke HC, Osonwa KO, Awhen PA. Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. J Med Allied Sci. 2019; 9(2): 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Okeke HC, Osonwa KO, Awhen PA. Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. J Med Allied Sci. (2019), [cited January 13, 2023]; 9(2): 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510



Harvard Style

Okeke, H. C., Osonwa, . K. O. & Awhen, . P. A. (2019) Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. J Med Allied Sci, 9 (2), 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510



Turabian Style

Okeke, Humphrey Chinelo, Kalu Okorie Osonwa, and Peter Agba Awhen. 2019. Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, 9 (2), 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510



Chicago Style

Okeke, Humphrey Chinelo, Kalu Okorie Osonwa, and Peter Agba Awhen. "Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria." Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences 9 (2019), 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Okeke, Humphrey Chinelo, Kalu Okorie Osonwa, and Peter Agba Awhen. "Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria." Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences 9.2 (2019), 83-89. Print. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Okeke, H. C., Osonwa, . K. O. & Awhen, . P. A. (2019) Patients’ socio-demographic variables and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, 9 (2), 83-89. doi:10.5455/jmas.47510